|Series||Anglistische Forschungen -- 350|
|Contributions||Hrsg.: Carpi, Daniela|
Platonism is the philosophy of Plato and philosophical systems closely derived from it, though contemporary platonists do not necessarily accept all of the doctrines of Plato. Platonism had a profound effect on Western thought. Platonism at least affirms the existence of abstract objects, which are asserted to exist in a third realm distinct from both the sensible external world and from the . Parrinder, P. () The expulsion of the poets. In: Carpi, D. (ed.) Why Plato?: Platonism in twentieth century English literature. Winter, Heidelberg, pp. ISBN Full text not archived in this repository. It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing. Source texts include Plato's Dialogues, and the writings of Neoplatonists and the early Christians who were largely responsible for assimilating Platonic ideas into a Christian culture; and there are essays on more than thirty English authors from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century, including Shakespeare, Milton, Blake, Wordsworth, Yeats. The first is Middle Platonism (sometimes known as pre-Neoplatonism) which became fully developed in the 1st century AD, and contained a distinctly religious element. Many Middle Platonists postulated a supreme "Divine Mind"[ 20 ] and Jewish and Christian writers interpreted Plato’s ideas of forms as "thoughts within the divine mind".[ 21 ].
Lloyd P. Gerson is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Toronto. He is the author of many books, including Aristotle and Other Platonist s, also from Cornell, and Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato, and editor of The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity. Read more.5/5(2). The Early Origins of Literary Theory: Plato and Aristotle While literary theory, as a school of thought or mode of literary criticism, is very much a product of the mid- to late- 20th century academic world, the first recorded “theories” of literature extend back to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato . Why Plato Is Still Relevant in the 21st Century 03/04/ am ET Updated I encountered Plato the first time when I was eleven or twelve and picked up a book that was lying around the house, Will Durant's The Story of Philosophy. tial sanction of imaginative literature has some relevance to Plato's aesthetics, a critic must not ignore Plato's continual attacks on poetry, especially the final and complete exclusion of poets in the Republic X. With the twentieth century's acceptance of meta-physical and formalist criticism, Plato's stern moral judgment of poetry has fallen.
In other words, Plato believed that aesthetics presupposes epistemology. The suggestion that Plato’s attack on art as imitation derives from the theory of forms presupposes that such a theory can be identified in his writings. Important texts, positions, and theories are often enshrouded in . Plato's teachings into a systematic form or, perhaps more contentiously, in giving witness to its final systematization by Plato himself, should not be underestimated. See also C.J. De Vogel, "On the Neoplatonic Character of Platonism and the Platonic Character of Neoplatonism," Mind 62 (): File Size: KB. Plato and Platonism (Originally appeared in The History of Science and Religion in the Western Tradition: An York: Garland Publishing, Inc., pp. ) Plato's ( B.C.) written work consists almost entirely of dialogues, all of which survive. Through deft readings of the philosophical principles found in Plato's dialogues and in the Platonic tradition beginning with Aristotle, he shows that Platonism, broadly conceived, is the polar opposite of naturalism and that the history of philosophy from Plato until the seventeenth century was the history of various efforts to find the most.